Digital Potentiometers

What is a Digital potentiometer?
Digital Potentiometers are a three terminal device, two fixed end terminals and one wiper terminal which is used to vary the resistance.
A Digital potentiometer also known as digipot, is similar to a standard analogue potentiometer, which is a variable resistor except the digital potentiometer has an integrated chip (IC) that accepts a signal input rather than the physical movement of a shaft or slide for adjustment. Potentiometers physically change the resistance value whereas digital potentiometers modify the resistance value via digital inputs rather than a rotary wheel or a slider.
Where might I use one?
Digital potentiometers would be beneficial where environmental factors would impact a mechanical potentiometer in areas where there is vibration, dust, moisture or grease as digital potentiometers are encapsulated they offer better protection, they are also less vunerable to vibration Digital potentiometers are used to calibrate system tolerances or control system parameters.

What are the advantages over a mechanical potentiometer?
Digital potentiometers can be operated in a closed control loop and don’t need physical access to be adjusted. . They offer better stability and reliability and as digital will offer additional functionality, some even have on - chip memory
Applications
• System calibration
• Process control
• Sensor calibration
• Smart actuator
• Voltage margining
• Programmable power supplies
• Volume control

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Description Price Control Interface Resistance Value Number of Positions Taper Type Memory Type Number of Pots per Package Mounting Type Package Type Pin Count Power Supply Type Typical Single Supply Voltage Typical Dual Supply Voltage Dimensions Height
RS Stock No. 145-8990
Mfr. Part No.MCP4131-503E/P
BrandMicrochip
$0.856
Each (In a Tube of 60)
units
Serial-SPI 50kΩ 129 Linear Volatile 1 Through Hole PDIP 8 Single 1.8 → 5.5 V - 0.4 x 0.28 x 0.195in 4.95mm
RS Stock No. 796-8824
Mfr. Part No.AD5144ABRUZ100
$9.98
Each
units
Serial-I2C 100kΩ 256 Linear Non-Volatile 4 Surface Mount TSSOP 20 Dual, Single 2.3 → 5.5 V ±2.25 → ±2.75V 6.6 x 4.5 x 1.05mm 1.05mm
RS Stock No. 850-7758
Mfr. Part No.AD5160BRJZ50-RL7
$2.81
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
Serial-SPI 50kΩ 256 Linear Volatile 1 Surface Mount SOT-23 8 Single 2.7 → 5.5 V - 3 x 1.7 x 1.3mm 1.3mm
RS Stock No. 889-5156
Mfr. Part No.MCP4551-103E/MS
BrandMicrochip
$1.04
Each (In a Tube of 100)
units
Serial-2 Wire, Serial-I2C 10kΩ 256 - Volatile 1 Surface Mount MSOP 8 Single 2.5 V, 3.3 V, 5 V - 3 x 3 x 0.85mm 0.85mm
RS Stock No. 796-8896
Mfr. Part No.AD5116BCPZ10-500R7
$2.81
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
Push Button 10kΩ 64 Linear Non-Volatile 1 Surface Mount LFCSP 8 Single 2.3 → 5.5 V - 2 x 2 x 0.55mm 0.55mm
RS Stock No. 913-0762
Mfr. Part No.AD5206BRUZ10
$6.30
Each (In a Tube of 62)
units
Serial-3 Wire, Serial-SPI 10kΩ 256 - Volatile 6 Surface Mount TSSOP 24 Dual, Single 3 V, 5 V ±2.5V 7.8 x 4.4 x 1.05mm 1.05mm
RS Stock No. 709-5806
Mfr. Part No.AD5259BRMZ5
$3.96
Each
units
Serial-I2C 5kΩ 256 - Non-Volatile 1 Surface Mount MSOP 10 Single 3 V, 5 V - 3 x 3 x 0.85mm 0.85mm
RS Stock No. 518-368
Mfr. Part No.X9111TV14IZ
BrandIntersil
$16.39
Each
units
Serial-SPI 100kΩ 1024 Linear Non-Volatile 1 Surface Mount TSSOP 14 Single 5 V - 5.05 x 4.5 x 1.05mm 1.05mm
RS Stock No. 738-6115
Mfr. Part No.MCP41010-E/SN
BrandMicrochip
$2.45
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
Serial-SPI 10kΩ 256 Linear - - Surface Mount SOIC 8 Single 3.3 V, 5 V - 4.9 x 3.9 x 1.25mm 1.25mm
RS Stock No. 912-8911
Mfr. Part No.AD5207BRUZ50
$3.274
Each (In a Tube of 96)
units
Serial-3 Wire, Serial-SPI 50kΩ 256 Linear Volatile 2 Surface Mount TSSOP 14 Dual, Single 5 V ±2.5V 5 x 4.4 x 1mm 1mm
RS Stock No. 160-9911
Mfr. Part No.AD5141BCPZ100-RL7
$2.373
Each (On a Reel of 1500)
units
Serial-I2C, Serial-SPI 100kΩ 256 Log Non-Volatile 1 Surface Mount LFCSP 16 Dual, Single 2.3 → 5.5 V ±2.25 → ±2.75V 3.1 x 3.1 x 0.75mm 0.75mm
RS Stock No. 921-5680
Mfr. Part No.X9C102SZ
$9.10
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
Serial-3 Wire 1kΩ 100 Linear Non-Volatile 1 Surface Mount SOIC 8 Single 5 V - 5 x 4 x 1.5mm 1.5mm
RS Stock No. 403-579
Mfr. Part No.MCP42100-E/P
BrandMicrochip
$3.65
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
Serial-SPI 100kΩ 256 Linear - 2 Through Hole PDIP 14 Single 3.3 V, 5 V - 19.05 x 6.35 x 3.3mm 3.3mm
RS Stock No. 724-0268
Mfr. Part No.MCP4551-503E/MS
BrandMicrochip
$1.38
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
Serial-I2C 50kΩ 257 Linear Non-Volatile 1 Surface Mount MSOP 8 Single 1.8 → 5.5 V - 3 x 3 x 0.95mm 0.95mm
RS Stock No. 158-0156
Mfr. Part No.AD5253BRUZ10
$7.02
Each (In a Tube of 75)
units
Serial-2 Wire, Serial-I2C 10kΩ 64 Linear Non-Volatile 4 Surface Mount TSSOP 20 Dual, Single 3 V, 5 V ±2.5V 6.5 x 4.4 x 1.05mm 1.05mm
RS Stock No. 158-5287
Mfr. Part No.AD5259BRMZ5
$3.32
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
Serial-I2C 5kΩ 256 - Non-Volatile 1 Surface Mount MSOP 10 Single 3 V, 5 V - 3 x 3 x 0.85mm 0.85mm
RS Stock No. 819-7086
Mfr. Part No.AD5171BRJZ100-R2
$5.27
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
I2C, Serial-2 Wire 100kΩ 64 Linear Non-Volatile 1 Surface Mount SOT-23 8 Single 2.7 → 5.5 V - 2.9 x 1.6 x 1.3mm 1.3mm
RS Stock No. 709-5660
Mfr. Part No.AD5161BRMZ5
$2.86
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
Serial-2 Wire, Serial-3 Wire, Serial-I2C, Serial-SPI 5kΩ 256 - Volatile 1 Surface Mount MSOP 10 Single 3 V, 5 V - 3 x 3 x 0.85mm 0.85mm
RS Stock No. 160-1639
Mfr. Part No.AD5175BRMZ-10
$4.56
Each (In a Tube of 50)
units
Serial-3 Wire, Serial-I2C 10kΩ 1024 - Non-Volatile 1 Surface Mount MSOP 10 Dual, Single 2.7 → 5.5 V ±2.5 → ±2.75V 3.1 x 3.1 x 0.95mm 0.95mm
RS Stock No. 145-8987
Mfr. Part No.MCP41010-E/SN
BrandMicrochip
$2.10
Each (In a Tube of 100)
units
Serial-SPI 10kΩ 256 Linear - - Surface Mount SOIC 8 Single 3.3 V, 5 V - 4.9 x 3.9 x 1.25mm 1.25mm
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