Pressure Sensors

Pressure sensors are devices that sense the applied pressure of gases or liquids. The output of the measurement is then converted into an electrical signal which reflects the amount of pressure applied.


There are various different technologies used within pressure sensors. Depending on the requirements, this can influence their sensing accuracy and reliability. When the mechanical displacement within the sensor is turned into an electrical output signal there are 5 ways this can happen.


Resistive - These types of sensors use the change in electrical resistance of a strain gauge connected to the diaphragm.


Capacitive - Are highly sensitive and are able to measure low-pressure under 10 bar while still withstanding large overloads.


Piezoelectric - These sensors use substances like Quartz to generate a charge on the surface when pressure is applied. Piezoelectric pressure sensors are ideal for measuring fast changing pressures.


Optical - These use interferometry to measure pressure changes in optical fibre. They are not disturbed by EMI and can be used in noisy or medical environments.


MEMS - This stands for micro-electro-mechanical system and contains capacitive or piezo pressure sensing mechanisms on silicon at micron level resolution.


Types of Pressure Sensors


Within the sensors, there are various properties which can be used to classify them. This includes what pressure range they measure, their operating temperature range or the pressure type they measure.


Absolute Pressure Sensor - This type of sensor measures pressure relative to the perfect vacuum (zero reference point).


Gauge Pressure Sensors - These are often used to measure atmospheric pressure and are sometimes referred to as relative pressure sensors.


Sealed Gauge Pressure Sensor - Similar to a gauge pressure sensor except they measure pressure relative to a fixed pressure, not the current ambient atmospheric pressure which can vary.


Differential Pressure Sensors - These can be used to measure the difference between two different pressures (differential pressure) which can be connected to either side of the sensor. They are often used to measure pressure drops, fluid levels and flow rates.


Pressure Sensor Applications


Pressure sensors are used in many applications in a large range of industries. These include medical, aviation, automotive and marine.


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Description Price Pressure Reading Type Minimum Pressure Reading Maximum Pressure Reading Accuracy Output Type Media Measured Process Connection Analogue Output Electrical Connection Communication Protocol Response Time Maximum Current Supply Voltage Interface
RS Stock No. 102-4130
BrandRS PRO
$412.30
Each
units
Relative 0bar 40bar ±0.25 % Analogue Gas, Liquid G1/4 4 → 20 mA DIN 43650 Type A - - - 9 → 32 V dc -
RS Stock No. 828-5739
BrandRS PRO
$326.65
Each
units
Relative 0bar 1bar <±0.25 % Current Oil, Water G1/4 4 → 20 mA DIN 43650 Type A - - 28 mA 9 → 32 V dc -
RS Stock No. 828-5773
BrandRS PRO
$358.78
Each
units
Relative 0bar 100bar <±0.25 % Current Sewage, Viscous Fluid, Water G3/4 4 → 20 mA M12 Connector - - 28 mA 9 → 32 V dc -
RS Stock No. 102-4156
BrandRS PRO
$686.60
Each
units
Relative 0bar 500mbar ±0.25 % Analogue Oil G1/4 4 → 20 mA DIN 43650 Type A - - 28 mA 9 → 32 V dc -
RS Stock No. 123-5233
BrandRS PRO
$655.28
Each
units
Relative 0bar 6bar ±0.25 % Analogue Air, Hydraulic Fluid, Liquid, Non-Aggressive Gas, Oil, Water G1/4 0 → 5 V, 4 → 20 mA Wireless - - - - -
RS Stock No. 123-5248
BrandRS PRO
$812.88
Each
units
Relative 0bar 1bar ±0.25 % Analogue Air, Hydraulic Fluid, Liquid, Non-Aggressive Gas, Oil, Water G1/4 0 → 5 V, 4 → 20 mA Wireless - - - - -
RS Stock No. 518-4412
BrandRS PRO
$206.33
Each
units
Relative 0bar 4bar ≤0.5 % Analogue Gas, Liquid G1/4 4 → 20 mA M12 Connector - ≤3 ms - 10 → 30 V dc -
RS Stock No. 123-5242
BrandRS PRO
$557.85
Each
units
Relative 0bar 400bar ±0.25 % Analogue Air, Hydraulic Fluid, Liquid, Non-Aggressive Gas, Oil, Water G1/4 0 → 5 V, 4 → 20 mA Wireless - - - - -
RS Stock No. 102-4132
BrandRS PRO
$481.71
Each
units
Relative 0bar 250bar ±0.25 % Analogue Gas, Liquid G1/4 4 → 20 mA DIN 43650 Type A - - - 9 → 32 V dc -
RS Stock No. 123-5241
BrandRS PRO
$453.55
Each
units
Relative 0bar 250bar ±0.25 % Analogue Air, Hydraulic Fluid, Liquid, Non-Aggressive Gas, Oil, Water G1/4 0 → 5 V, 4 → 20 mA Wireless - - - - -
RS Stock No. 828-5717
BrandRS PRO
$326.65
Each
units
Relative 0bar 0.25bar <±0.25 % Current Oil, Water G1/4 4 → 20 mA DIN 43650 Type A - - 28 mA 9 → 32 V dc -
RS Stock No. 175-5044
BrandRS PRO
$239.07
Each
units
Relative 0psi 1500psi ±0.25 % Analogue - NPT 1/4 4 → 20 mA M12 Connector - - 20 mA 9 → 32 V dc -
RS Stock No. 175-5045
BrandRS PRO
$237.43
Each
units
Relative 0psi 1500psi ±0.25 % Analogue - NPT 1/4 0 → 5 V M12 Connector - - - 9 → 32 V dc -
RS Stock No. 175-5024
BrandRS PRO
$344.05
Each
units
Relative 0psi 8psi ±0.25 % Analogue - NPT 1/4 4 → 20 mA M12 Connector - - 20 mA 9 → 32 V dc -
RS Stock No. 828-5754
BrandRS PRO
$471.32
Each
units
Relative 0bar 0.1bar <±0.25 % Current Sewage, Viscous Fluid, Water G3/4 4 → 20 mA M12 Connector - - 28 mA 9 → 32 V dc -
RS Stock No. 175-5027
BrandRS PRO
$358.01
Each
units
Relative 0psi 10psi ±0.25 % Analogue - NPT 1/4 0 → 5 V M12 Connector - - - 9 → 32 V dc -
RS Stock No. 175-5039
BrandRS PRO
$237.43
Each
units
Relative 0psi 75psi ±0.25 % Analogue - NPT 1/4 0 → 5 V M12 Connector - - - 9 → 32 V dc -
RS Stock No. 123-5237
BrandRS PRO
$629.56
Each
units
Relative -1bar 24bar ±0.25 % Analogue Air, Hydraulic Fluid, Liquid, Non-Aggressive Gas, Oil, Water G1/4 0 → 5 V, 4 → 20 mA Wireless - - - - -
RS Stock No. 175-5046
BrandRS PRO
$250.77
Each
units
Relative 0psi 300psi ±0.25 % Analogue - NPT 1/4 4 → 20 mA M12 Connector - - 20 mA 9 → 32 V dc -
RS Stock No. 123-5250
BrandRS PRO
$1,186.71
Each
units
Absolute 0bar 0.75bar ±0.25 % Analogue Air, Hydraulic Fluid, Liquid, Non-Aggressive Gas, Oil, Water G1/4 0 → 5 V, 4 → 20 mA Wireless - - - - -