FPGAs

FPGA stands for Field Programmable Gate Array. They are small semiconductor logic chips are known as integrated circuits or ICs for short. FPGAs are built from one basic logic cell, duplicated hundreds of times.

What do they consist of?

They consist of a configurable logic block, programmable switch matrix, I/O blocks and Interconnects.

Configurable Logic Block

CLB consist of lookup tables (LUTs), flip flops and multiplexers. They are used to implement complex design functions and synchronise the code on the FPGA.

Programmable Switch Matrix

A programmable switch matrix (PSM) is used to control the interconnections between the configurable logic blocks and the input/output blocks. The programmable switch matrix connects each block according to the program code and has switch elements that have six pass transistors inside.

I/O Blocks

I/O blocks are pins that can be programmed as an input pin, output pins or both

Interconnects

Interconnects carry signals via wires to connect inputs and outputs to logic blocks.

How do FPGAs differ from CPLDs?

The main differences between the two devices is how they are made up. A CPLD device is very restricted in structure so they are less flexible. FPGAs on the other hand have a very high logic capacity and can be easily programmed to carry out any kind of digital function.

FPGA Applications

They are found in many applications such as radar systems, military hardware, medical devices and telecommunication technology. Their reprogrammable nature means FPGAs are suitable for a wide range of solutions. They can be any digital circuit, depending on the number of logic blocks it contains. Engineers often use FPGAs in prototype development and specially designed integrated circuits (ICs).

RS Components offer a range of high-quality devices from leading brands including Xilinx, Altera and Lattice Semiconductor. Our devices are available in industry standard package types, pin counts and mounting types to suit all your electronic design needs.


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Description Price Family Name Number of Logic Gates Number of Logic Cells Number of Logic Units Dedicated DSP Number of Registers Number of Multipliers Package Type Pin Count Number of RAM Bits Dimensions Height Length Maximum Operating Supply Voltage
RS Stock No. 772-0085
Mfr. Part No.iCE40LP1K-CM49
$6.56
Each
units
ICE40 LP - 1280 160 - 1280 - UCBGA 49 64kbit 3 x 3 x 0.9mm 0.9mm 3mm 1.26 V
RS Stock No. 168-4224
Mfr. Part No.ICE40LP1K-CM49
$6.014
Each (In a Tray of 490)
units
ICE40 LP - 1280 160 - 1280 - UCBGA 49 64kbit 3 x 3 x 0.9mm 0.9mm 3mm 1.26 V
RS Stock No. 772-0045
Mfr. Part No.iCE40HX1K-VQ100
$8.33
Each
units
ICE40 HX - 1280 160 - 1280 - VQFP 100 64kbit 14 x 14 x 1.05mm 1.05mm 14mm 1.26 V
RS Stock No. 168-4220
Mfr. Part No.ICE40HX1K-VQ100
$6.424
Each (In a Bag of 90)
units
ICE40 HX - 1280 160 - 1280 - VQFP 100 64kbit 14 x 14 x 1.05mm 1.05mm 14mm 1.26 V
RS Stock No. 173-2062
Mfr. Part No.XC3S50A-4VQG100C
BrandXilinx
$27.02
Each (In a Tray of 90)
units
Spartan-3A 50000 1584 1584 - - 3 (18 x 18) VTQFP 100 11264bit 14 x 14 x 1mm 1mm 14mm 1.26 V
RS Stock No. 173-2086
Mfr. Part No.XC3S250E-4VQG100I
BrandXilinx
$73.561
Each (In a Tray of 90)
units
Spartan-3E 250000 5508 612 - 4896 12 (18 x 18) VTQFP 100 38912bit 14 x 14 x 1mm 1mm 14mm 1.26 V
RS Stock No. 134-093
Mfr. Part No.XC3S250E-4VQG100I
BrandXilinx
$42.11
Each
units
Spartan-3E 250000 5508 612 - 4896 12 (18 x 18) VTQFP 100 38912bit 14 x 14 x 1mm 1mm 14mm 1.26 V
RS Stock No. 173-2070
Mfr. Part No.XC3S50AN-4TQG144C
BrandXilinx
$43.946
Each (In a Tray of 60)
units
Spartan-3AN 50000 1584 1584 - - 3 (18 x 18) TQFP 144 11264bit 20 x 20 x 1.4mm 1.4mm 20mm 1.26 V
RS Stock No. 772-0057
Mfr. Part No.iCE40HX4K-TQ144
$9.15
Each
units
ICE40 HX - 3520 440 - 3520 - TQFP 144 80kbit 20 x 20 x 1.45mm 1.45mm 20mm 1.26 V
RS Stock No. 168-4222
Mfr. Part No.ICE40HX4K-TQ144
$8.966
Each (In a Tray of 60)
units
ICE40 HX - 3520 440 - 3520 - TQFP 144 80kbit 20 x 20 x 1.45mm 1.45mm 20mm 1.26 V
RS Stock No. 173-2105
Mfr. Part No.XC3S500E-4FTG256I
BrandXilinx
$154.343
Each (In a Tray of 90)
units
Spartan-3E 500000 10476 1164 - 9312 20 (18 x 18) FTBGA 256 74752bit 17 x 17 x 1mm 1mm 17mm 1.26 V