MOSFETs

MOSFETs, also known as MOSFET transistors, stands for ’Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistors’. MOSFETs are transistor devices which are controlled by a capacitor. The "Field-Effect" means that they are controlled by voltage. The aim of a MOSFET is to control the flow of the current passing through from the source to the drain terminals. It acts very similarly to a switch and is used for switching or amplifying electronic signals.


These semiconductor devices are ICs (integrated circuits) which are mounted onto PCBs. MOSFETs come in a range of standard package types such as DPAK, D2PAK, DFN, I2PAK, SOIC, SOT-223 and TO-220.


What are depletion and enhancement modes?


MOSFET transistors have two modes; depletion and enhancement.
Depletion MOSFETs work like a closed switch. The current passes through when no current is applied. The current flow will stop if a negative voltage is applied.
Enhancement mode MOSFETs are similar to a variable resistor and are generally more popular than the depletion mode MOSFETs. They come in n-channel or p-channel variants.


How do MOSFETs work?


The pins on a MOSFET package are the Source, Gate and Drain. When a voltage is applied between the Gate and the Source terminals, current can pass through from the Drain to the Source pins. When the voltage applied to the Gate changes, the resistance from the Drain to the Source will change too. The lower the voltage applied, the higher the resistance. As the voltage increases, the resistance from the Drain to Source will decrease.
Power MOSFETs are similar to standard MOSFETs but they are designed to handle a higher level of power.


N-Channel vs. P-Channel MOSFETs


MOSFETs are made of p-type or n-type doped silicon.


  • N-Channel MOSFETS contain additional electrons which are free to move around. They are the more popular channel type. N-Channel MOSFETs work when a positive charge is applied to the gate terminal.


  • P-Channel MOSFETS substrate contains electrons and electron holes. P-Channel MOSFETs are connected to a positive voltage. These MOSFETs turn on when the voltage supplied to the Gate terminal is lower than the Source voltage.

Where are MOSFETs used?


MOSFETs are found within many applications, such as microprocessors and other memory components. MOSFET transistors are most commonly used as a voltage-controlled switch within circuits.



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Description Price Channel Type Maximum Continuous Drain Current Maximum Drain Source Voltage Maximum Drain Source Resistance Package Type Mounting Type Pin Count Maximum Gate Source Voltage Channel Mode Maximum Gate Threshold Voltage Minimum Gate Threshold Voltage Maximum Power Dissipation Transistor Configuration Number of Elements per Chip
RS Stock No. 919-4763
Mfr. Part No.IRF3205PBF
BrandInfineon
$1.706
Each (In a Tube of 50)
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N 110 A 55 V 8 mΩ TO-220AB Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V 2V 200 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 911-4849
Mfr. Part No.SPW47N60C3FKSA1
BrandInfineon
$15.51
Each (In a Tube of 30)
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N 47 A 650 V 70 mΩ TO-247 Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 3.9V 2.1V 415 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 920-8764
Mfr. Part No.STP16NF06
$0.63
Each (In a Tube of 50)
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N 16 A 60 V 100 mΩ TO-220 Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement - - 45 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 165-6701
Mfr. Part No.IPP320N20N3GXKSA1
BrandInfineon
$2.94
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N 34 A 200 V 32 mΩ TO-220 Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V 2V 136 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 124-9012
Mfr. Part No.IRFP3206PBF
BrandInfineon
$3.86
Each (In a Tube of 25)
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N 200 A 60 V 3 mΩ TO-247AC Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V 2V 280 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 486-2206
Mfr. Part No.STP16NF06
$1.30
Each (In a Pack of 5)
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N 16 A 60 V 100 mΩ TO-220 Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V 2V 45 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 688-6989
Mfr. Part No.IRFP3206PBF
BrandInfineon
$4.52
Each (In a Pack of 2)
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N 200 A 60 V 3 mΩ TO-247AC Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V 2V 280 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 462-3455
Mfr. Part No.SPW47N60C3FKSA1
BrandInfineon
$19.31
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N 47 A 650 V 70 mΩ TO-247 Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 3.9V 2.1V 415 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 823-5642
Mfr. Part No.IPP320N20N3GXKSA1
BrandInfineon
$3.97
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N 34 A 200 V 32 mΩ TO-220 Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V 2V 136 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 543-1099
Mfr. Part No.IRF1405PBF
BrandInfineon
$3.55
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N 169 A 55 V 5 mΩ TO-220AB Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V 2V 330 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 687-5383
Mfr. Part No.STP16NF06L
$0.925
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N 16 A 60 V 90 mΩ TO-220 Through Hole 3 -16 V, +16 V Enhancement 2.5V 1V 45 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 920-6601
Mfr. Part No.STP16NF06L
$0.93
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N 16 A 60 V 90 mΩ TO-220 Through Hole 3 -16 V, +16 V Enhancement 2.5V 1V 45 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 168-7783
Mfr. Part No.TPC8128
BrandToshiba
$1.01
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P 16 A 30 V 6.9 mΩ SOP Surface Mount 8 -25 V, +20 V Enhancement 2V - 1.9 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 122-2891
Mfr. Part No.DMP3160L-7
$0.098
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P 2 A 30 V 190 mΩ SOT-23 Surface Mount 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 2.1V - 1.08 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 913-3831
Mfr. Part No.IRF1405PBF
BrandInfineon
$2.393
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N 169 A 55 V 5 mΩ TO-220AB Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V 2V 330 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 796-5070
Mfr. Part No.TK100E10N1
BrandToshiba
$3.32
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N 207 A 100 V 3.4 mΩ TO-220 Through Hole 3 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement 4V - 255 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 166-3335
Mfr. Part No.FDS6675
$1.033
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P 11 A 30 V 23 mΩ SOIC Surface Mount 8 -20 V, +20 V Enhancement - 1V 2.5 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 796-5119
Mfr. Part No.TPC8128
BrandToshiba
$1.69
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P 16 A 30 V 6.9 mΩ SOP Surface Mount 8 -25 V, +20 V Enhancement 2V - 1.9 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 688-7027
Mfr. Part No.IRFP4668PBF
BrandInfineon
$8.72
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N 130 A 200 V 10 mΩ TO-247AC Through Hole 3 -30 V, +30 V Enhancement 5V 3V 520 W Single 1
RS Stock No. 543-0030
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BrandVishay
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N 14 A 500 V 400 mΩ TO-247AC Through Hole 3 -30 V, +30 V Enhancement - 2V 190 W Single 1
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