MOSFETs

MOSFETs, also known as MOSFET transistors, stands for ’Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistors’. MOSFETs are transistor devices which are controlled by a capacitor. The "Field-Effect" means that they are controlled by voltage. The aim of a MOSFET is to control the flow of the current passing through from the source to the drain terminals. It acts very similarly to a switch and is used for switching or amplifying electronic signals.


These semiconductor devices are ICs (integrated circuits) which are mounted onto PCBs. MOSFETs come in a range of standard package types such as DPAK, D2PAK, DFN, I2PAK, SOIC, SOT-223 and TO-220.


What are depletion and enhancement modes?


MOSFET transistors have two modes; depletion and enhancement.
Depletion MOSFETs work like a closed switch. The current passes through when no current is applied. The current flow will stop if a negative voltage is applied.
Enhancement mode MOSFETs are similar to a variable resistor and are generally more popular than the depletion mode MOSFETs. They come in n-channel or p-channel variants.


How do MOSFETs work?


The pins on a MOSFET package are the Source, Gate and Drain. When a voltage is applied between the Gate and the Source terminals, current can pass through from the Drain to the Source pins. When the voltage applied to the Gate changes, the resistance from the Drain to the Source will change too. The lower the voltage applied, the higher the resistance. As the voltage increases, the resistance from the Drain to Source will decrease.
Power MOSFETs are similar to standard MOSFETs but they are designed to handle a higher level of power.


N-Channel vs. P-Channel MOSFETs


MOSFETs are made of p-type or n-type doped silicon.


  • N-Channel MOSFETS contain additional electrons which are free to move around. They are the more popular channel type. N-Channel MOSFETs work when a positive charge is applied to the gate terminal.


  • P-Channel MOSFETS substrate contains electrons and electron holes. P-Channel MOSFETs are connected to a positive voltage. These MOSFETs turn on when the voltage supplied to the Gate terminal is lower than the Source voltage.

Where are MOSFETs used?


MOSFETs are found within many applications, such as microprocessors and other memory components. MOSFET transistors are most commonly used as a voltage-controlled switch within circuits.



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Description Price Channel Type Maximum Continuous Drain Current Maximum Drain Source Voltage Maximum Drain Source Resistance Maximum Gate Threshold Voltage Minimum Gate Threshold Voltage Maximum Gate Source Voltage Package Type Mounting Type Pin Count Transistor Configuration Channel Mode Maximum Power Dissipation Automotive Standard
RS Stock No. 724-0441
Mfr. Part No.FJ3303010L
BrandPanasonic
$0.234
Each (In a Pack of 20)
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P 100 mA 30 V 17 Ω 1.5V - -20 V, +20 V SSSMini3 F2 B Surface Mount 3 Single Enhancement 100 mW -
RS Stock No. 169-7830
Mfr. Part No.FJ3303010L
BrandPanasonic
$0.081
Each (On a Reel of 10000)
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P 100 mA 30 V 17 Ω 1.5V - -20 V, +20 V SSSMini3 F2 B Surface Mount 3 Single Enhancement 100 mW -
RS Stock No. 169-7865
Mfr. Part No.MTM232270LBF
BrandPanasonic
$0.14
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
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N 2 A 20 V 110 mΩ 1.3V - -10 V, +10 V SMini3-G1-B Surface Mount 3 Single Enhancement 500 mW -
RS Stock No. 749-8259
Mfr. Part No.MTM232270LBF
BrandPanasonic
$0.206
Each (In a Pack of 20)
units
N 2 A 20 V 110 mΩ 1.3V - -10 V, +10 V SMini3-G1-B Surface Mount 3 Single Enhancement 500 mW -
RS Stock No. 169-8042
Mfr. Part No.SK8603150L
BrandPanasonic
$0.896
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
N 89 A 30 V 2.5 mΩ 3V - -20 V, +20 V HSO8-F4-B Surface Mount 8 Single Enhancement 34 W -
RS Stock No. 169-7839
Mfr. Part No.FC6946010R
BrandPanasonic
$0.098
Each (On a Reel of 8000)
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N 100 mA 60 V 15 Ω 1.5V - -20 V, +20 V SSMini6 F3 B Surface Mount 6 Isolated Enhancement 125 mW -
RS Stock No. 787-7649
Mfr. Part No.SK8603150L
BrandPanasonic
$1.019
Each (In a Pack of 10)
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N 89 A 30 V 2.5 mΩ 3V - -20 V, +20 V HSO8-F4-B Surface Mount 8 Single Enhancement 34 W -
RS Stock No. 728-6850
Mfr. Part No.FC6946010R
BrandPanasonic
$0.083
Each (In a Pack of 10)
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N 100 mA 60 V 15 Ω 1.5V - -20 V, +20 V SSMini6 F3 B Surface Mount 6 Isolated Enhancement 125 mW -
RS Stock No. 169-8019
Mfr. Part No.MTM231102LBF
BrandPanasonic
$0.173
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
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P 4 A 12 V 30 mΩ 1V - -8 V, +8 V Smini3-G1-B Surface Mount 3 Single Enhancement 500 mW -
RS Stock No. 787-7526
Mfr. Part No.MTM231102LBF
BrandPanasonic
$0.167
Each (In a Pack of 50)
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P 4 A 12 V 30 mΩ 1V - -8 V, +8 V Smini3-G1-B Surface Mount 3 Single Enhancement 500 mW -
RS Stock No. 169-7864
Mfr. Part No.MTM232230LBF
BrandPanasonic
$0.61
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
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N 4.5 A 20 V 40 mΩ 1.3V - -10 V, +10 V SMini3-G1-B Surface Mount 3 Single Enhancement 500 mW -
RS Stock No. 749-8255
Mfr. Part No.MTM232230LBF
BrandPanasonic
$0.401
Each (In a Pack of 10)
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N 4.5 A 20 V 40 mΩ 1.3V - -10 V, +10 V SMini3-G1-B Surface Mount 3 Single Enhancement 500 mW -
RS Stock No. 168-3762
Mfr. Part No.FK3303010L
BrandPanasonic
$0.081
Each (On a Reel of 10000)
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N 100 mA 30 V 6 Ω 1.5V - -12 V, +12 V SSSMini3 F2 B Surface Mount 3 Single Enhancement 100 mW -
RS Stock No. 169-8020
Mfr. Part No.MTM231232LBF
BrandPanasonic
$0.173
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
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P 3 A 20 V 40 mΩ 1.3V - -10 V, +10 V Smini3-G1-B Surface Mount 3 Single Enhancement 500 mW -
RS Stock No. 719-3193
Mfr. Part No.FK3303010L
BrandPanasonic
$0.119
Each (In a Pack of 25)
units
N 100 mA 30 V 6 Ω 1.5V - -12 V, +12 V SSSMini3 F2 B Surface Mount 3 Single Enhancement 100 mW -
RS Stock No. 787-7529
Mfr. Part No.MTM231232LBF
BrandPanasonic
$0.287
Each (In a Pack of 50)
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P 3 A 20 V 40 mΩ 1.3V - -10 V, +10 V Smini3-G1-B Surface Mount 3 Single Enhancement 500 mW -
RS Stock No. 724-0448
Mfr. Part No.FK3906010L
BrandPanasonic
$0.173
Each (In a Pack of 20)
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N 100 mA 60 V 15 Ω 1.5V - -20 V, +20 V SSMini3 F3 B Surface Mount 3 Single Enhancement 125 mW -
RS Stock No. 169-7831
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BrandPanasonic
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N 100 mA 60 V 15 Ω 1.5V - -20 V, +20 V SSMini3 F3 B Surface Mount 3 Single Enhancement 125 mW -
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Mfr. Part No.MTM761110LBF
BrandPanasonic
$0.72
Each (In a Pack of 5)
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P 4 A 12 V 54 mΩ 1V - -8 V, +8 V WSMini6-F1-B Surface Mount 6 Single Enhancement 700 mW -
RS Stock No. 760-2937
Mfr. Part No.FK3503010L
BrandPanasonic
$0.081
Each (In a Pack of 25)
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N 100 mA 30 V 6 Ω 1.5V - -12 V, +12 V SMini3 F2 B Surface Mount 3 Single Enhancement 150 mW -