Bridge Rectifiers

Bridge rectifiers are discrete semiconductors as they have a single semiconductor device i.e. a diode and are the opposite of an integrated circuit semiconductor which has various devices on a single piece of semiconductor. The diode bridge circuit was invented in 1895 and Leo Graetz designed a similar circuit so they can also be known as a Graetz circuit or Graetz bridge.
A bridge rectifier is built out of 4 or more diodes that are arranged in a specific configuration: the namesake bridge. This diode bridge is able to convert an input of alternating current (AC) into direct current (DC), a basic function for most electronic devices. It also provides the same output polarity for either input polarity. These devices work with a two-wire AC input, have two diode drops in their design and offer full wave rectification.
Bridge Rectifiers are commonly used in power supplies that provide necessary DC voltage for the electronic components or devices and are found in various applications such as home appliances and white merchandise. Also such devices are popular with electronic hobbyists who enjoy constructing circuits.
Rectifiers are usually classified into single phase and three phase, and then split again into uncontrolled, half controlled and full controlled rectifiers. They come in various package and mounting types including screw mount, surface mount and through hole.
Advantages of Bridge rectifiers
• A high peak inverse voltage (PIV) which is ideal for high voltage applications
• A high transformer utilisation factor
• Constructed with or without a transformer – does not need a centre tap transformer
Disadvantages of bridge rectifiers
• More expensive than other rectifiers as it requires four diodes
• Not ideal when a small voltage is required to be rectified
Since bridge rectifiers are discrete devices, some of them need to be purchased along with other devices to achieve the desired functionality for which they are intended. For some engineering needs, the ability to purchase discrete semiconductors makes prototyping and production affordable.

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Description Price Bridge Type Peak Average Forward Current Peak Reverse Repetitive Voltage Mounting Type Package Type Pin Count Diode Technology Diode Type Configuration Peak Non-Repetitive Forward Surge Current Maximum Operating Temperature Minimum Operating Temperature Peak Forward Voltage Peak Reverse Current
RS Stock No. 227-8766
Mfr. Part No.VS-36MB40A
BrandVishay
$14.35
Each
units
Single Phase 35A 400V Screw Mount D 34 4 - - Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.14V 10µA
RS Stock No. 165-2540
Mfr. Part No.VS-36MB40A
BrandVishay
$6.974
Each (In a Tray of 20)
units
Single Phase 35A 400V Screw Mount D 34 4 Silicon Junction - Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.14V 10µA
RS Stock No. 227-8801
Mfr. Part No.VS-36MB120A
BrandVishay
$14.47
Each
units
Single Phase 35A 1200V Screw Mount D 34 4 - - Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.14V 10µA
RS Stock No. 165-2542
Mfr. Part No.VS-36MB120A
BrandVishay
$7.155
Each (In a Tray of 20)
units
Single Phase 35A 1200V Screw Mount D 34 4 Silicon Junction - Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.14V 10µA
RS Stock No. 300-256
Mfr. Part No.VS-160MT80KPBF
BrandVishay
$82.10
Each
units
Three Phase 200A 800V Panel Mount INT-A-PAK 6 Silicon Junction - Single 1.5kA +150 °C -40 °C 1.49V 10mA
RS Stock No. 169-5779
Mfr. Part No.VS-160MT80KPBF
BrandVishay
$93.919
Each (In a Box of 15)
units
Three Phase 200A 800V Panel Mount INT-A-PAK 6 Silicon Junction - Single 1.5kA +150 °C -40 °C 1.49V 10mA
RS Stock No. 629-6358
Mfr. Part No.GBPC3510-E4/51
BrandVishay
$9.56
Each
units
Single Phase 35A 1000V Screw Mount GBPC 4 - - Single 400A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 165-2341
Mfr. Part No.GBPC3510-E4/51
BrandVishay
$4.41
Each (In a Box of 100)
units
Single Phase 35A 1000V Screw Mount GBPC 4 Silicon Junction - Single 400A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 165-2404
Mfr. Part No.GBPC3502
BrandVishay
$4.41
Each (In a Box of 100)
units
Single Phase 35A 200V Screw Mount GBPC 4 Silicon Junction - Single 400A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 629-0209
Mfr. Part No.GBPC3502-E4/51
BrandVishay
$7.96
Each
units
Single Phase 35A 200V Screw Mount GBPC 4 - - Single 400A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 629-0237
Mfr. Part No.DF04S-E3/77
BrandVishay
$1.23
Each
units
Single Phase 1A 400V Surface Mount DF-S 4 - - Single 50A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 165-2316
Mfr. Part No.DF04S-E3/77
BrandVishay
$0.382
Each (On a Reel of 1500)
units
Single Phase 1A 400V Surface Mount DF-S 4 Silicon Junction - Single 50A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 817-2598
Mfr. Part No.VS-KBPC604
BrandVishay
$6.76
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
Single Phase 6A 400V Through Hole D 72 4 - - Single 137A +150 °C -40 °C 1.2V 10mA
RS Stock No. 710-2894
Mfr. Part No.DF10S-E3/77
BrandVishay
$0.793
Each (In a Pack of 20)
units
Single Phase 1A 1000V Surface Mount DF-S 4 - - Single 50A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 165-6098
Mfr. Part No.VS-KBPC604
BrandVishay
$2.68
Each (In a Box of 100)
units
Single Phase 6A 400V Through Hole D 72 4 Silicon Junction - Single 137A +150 °C -40 °C 1.2V 10mA
RS Stock No. 629-6320
Mfr. Part No.GBPC3504-E4/51
BrandVishay
$8.67
Each
units
Single Phase 35A 400V Screw Mount GBPC 4 - - Single 400A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 919-0216
Mfr. Part No.DF10S-E3/77
BrandVishay
$0.366
Each (On a Reel of 1500)
units
Single Phase 1A 1000V Surface Mount DF-S 4 Silicon Junction - Single 50A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 145-1751
Mfr. Part No.GBPC3504-E4/51
BrandVishay
$3.549
Each (In a Box of 100)
units
Single Phase 35A 400V Screw Mount GBPC 4 Silicon Junction - Single 400A +150 °C -55 °C 1.1V 5µA
RS Stock No. 227-8889
Mfr. Part No.VS-36MT160
BrandVishay
$23.86
Each
units
Three Phase 35A 1600V Through Hole D 63 5 - - Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.19V 200µA
RS Stock No. 145-1772
Mfr. Part No.VS-36MT160
BrandVishay
$11.507
Each (In a Tray of 20)
units
Three Phase 35A 1600V Through Hole D 63 5 Silicon Junction - Single 500A +150 °C -55 °C 1.19V 200µA