Aluminium Capacitors

Aluminium capacitors are a type of electrolytic capacitor. A capacitor is a two-terminal electrical component that can store energy, somewhat like a battery. Aluminium capacitors are polarised, meaning that the energy can only flow in a single direction. High purity grade Aluminium is used to create the anode foil and the cathode foil upon which electrolysis is applied to form an extremely thin insulating layer of aluminium oxide, which acts as the dielectric of the capacitor. Aluminium capacitors are found in many applications such as power supplies, computer motherboards and domestic appliances.

Dependent on the nature of the Electrolyte, capacitors may also be referred to as “wet” meaning they have a liquid electrolyte or solid. Solid Electrolytes may be hybridized with Aluminium but normally refers to Polymer or Tantalum based capacitors


Types of Aluminium Capacitors


Aluminium Electrolytic Capacitors


Electrolytic capacitors consist of an electrolyte which is a liquid or gel that consists of a large concentration of ions, and when voltage is applied across its terminals, it leads to charges being stored on the anode and cathode foils. The electric charge that can be stored by the capacitor is measured in Farads but usually in the range from nanofarads to millifarads. .Aluminium capacitors are used where high capacitance values to provide smoothing and filtering functions in the circuit. Commonly used in DC Power supplies due to their large capacitance and their compact size which helps to reduce the ripple voltage. Aluminium Electrolytic capacitors have reasonable Equivalent Series Resistance (ESR) but have the lowest leakage current from all capacitor types.


Polymer Electrolytic Capacitors


Polymer capacitors (also are known as polymer electrolytic capacitors or polymer e caps) have conductive polymer as their electrolyte material within a layered aluminium design. These capacitors combine unique properties from the polymer material in terms of high conductivity, extended temperature range and no risk of drying out – to make a capacitor that offers large capacitance and very low ESR (equivalent series resistance) with high ripple current capability and offer a longer operating life. Polymer capacitors offer a lot of package options between 2.2 to 470 microfarad


Hybrid Capacitors


Hybrid capacitors (polymer hybrid aluminium capacitors) are a mix of wet electrolyte and solid polymer. In this sense, they combine the best of both electrolytes. These capacitors offer high endurance, low ESR, and a high tolerance for ripple current. Hybrid capacitors also feature stable electric characteristics at high frequencies whilst maintaining reliability. The liquid electrolyte keeps the Leakage current very low and also allows self-repairing of the aluminium foils which prevent a drop in capacitance.


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RS Stock No. 920-5106
Mfr. Part No.EEUFM1H101
BrandPanasonic
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100 µF Electrolytic 50 V dc Through Hole 8 (Dia.) x 11.5mm 11.5mm - - 8mm -40°C +105°C - 3.5mm 3000h
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Mfr. Part No.ALS30A472DA063
BrandKEMET
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4700 µF Electrolytic 63 V dc Screw Mount 36 x 52mm 52mm 52mm - 36mm -40°C +85°C - - 11000 h @ +85 °C/63V dc/Ir, 22000 h @ +85 °C/63V dc
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Mfr. Part No.25YXF220M8X11.5
BrandRubycon
$0.125
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220 µF Electrolytic 25 V dc Through Hole 8 (Dia.) x 11.5mm 11.5mm - - 8mm -40°C +105°C - 3.5mm 7000h
RS Stock No. 851-5377
Mfr. Part No.UPW1E100MDD6
BrandNichicon
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10 µF Electrolytic 25 V dc Through Hole 4 x 7mm 7mm - - 4mm -55°C +105°C - 1.5mm 2000h
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Mfr. Part No.ECA1JHG222
BrandPanasonic
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2200 µF Electrolytic 63 V dc Through Hole 18 (Dia.) x 35.5mm 35.5mm - - 18mm -55°C +105°C - 7.5mm 2000h
RS Stock No. 526-1884
Mfr. Part No.EEUFM1V471
BrandPanasonic
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470 µF Electrolytic 35 V dc Through Hole 10 (Dia.) x 20mm 20mm - - 10mm -40°C +105°C - 5mm 5000h
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Mfr. Part No.ALS30A473MF063
BrandKEMET
$55.324
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47000 µF Electrolytic 63 V dc Screw Mount 66 x 105mm 105mm 105mm - 66mm -40°C +85°C - - 19000 h @ +85 °C/63V dc/Ir, 38000 h @ +85 °C/63V dc
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BrandKEMET
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0.1 F Electrolytic 40 V dc Screw Mount 66.6 x 109.2mm 109.2mm 109.2mm - 66.6mm -40°C +85°C - - 15000 h @ +85 °C/40V dc/Ir
RS Stock No. 381-9138
Mfr. Part No.ALS30A473MF063
BrandKEMET
$67.29
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47000 µF Electrolytic 63 V dc Screw Mount 66 x 105mm 105mm 105mm - 66mm -40°C +85°C - - 19000 h @ +85 °C/63V dc/Ir, 38000 h @ +85 °C/63V dc
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Mfr. Part No.UPW1E100MDD6
BrandNichicon
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Each (In a Bag of 200)
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10 µF Electrolytic 25 V dc Through Hole 4 x 7mm 7mm - - 4mm -55°C +105°C - 1.5mm 2000h
RS Stock No. 727-0710
Mfr. Part No.ECA1JHG222
BrandPanasonic
$4.94
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2200 µF Electrolytic 63 V dc Through Hole 18 (Dia.) x 35.5mm 35.5mm - - 18mm -55°C +105°C - 7.5mm 2000h
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Mfr. Part No.EKMQ401VSN331MQ45S
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330 µF Electrolytic 400 V dc Through Hole 25.4 (Dia.) x 45mm - 45mm - 25.4mm -25°C +105°C - 10mm 2000h
RS Stock No. 739-3056
Mfr. Part No.UUR1V101MCL6GS
BrandNichicon
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Mfr. Part No.400MS12ACMA1RSC
BrandKEMET
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400 µF Electrolytic 120 V ac Chassis Mount 38 x 116mm 116mm 116mm - 38mm -20°C +60°C Polycarbonate Case - 500 h @+60 °C (Specified Duty Cycle)
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330 µF Electrolytic 400 V dc Through Hole 25.4 (Dia.) x 45mm - 45mm - 25.4mm -25°C +105°C - 10mm 2000h
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Mfr. Part No.25YXF220M8X11.5
BrandRubycon
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220 µF Electrolytic 25 V dc Through Hole 8 (Dia.) x 11.5mm 11.5mm - - 8mm -40°C +105°C - 3.5mm 7000h