Safety Security ESD Control And Clean Room

Controlling access, preventing accidents and preventing damage to equipment are all important considerations for today’s industrial faculties, institutions and office buildings.

 

Why Is Safety and Security Becoming more Important?

Safety standards are more and more regulated by government entities and stiff fines and other sanctions can be imposed for violations. Security is always important. Preventing theft and other crimes, as well as the accidental entry by unauthorized personnel into restricted areas, is of paramount concern in any business or industrial setting.

 

What Is ESD Control?

Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) control is a necessity in situations where semiconductors are being used or handled. Any business that routinely has to handle IC equipment will have some sort of ESD control protocol in place. It will often incorporate requirements for behaviors and equipment in an effort to prevent damage to semiconductor parts due to accidental discharge of static electricity. At the most basic level, it may include not opening computer cases on surfaces where grounding cannot be assured. At the most advanced level, it may involve a clean room. See below.

 

What Is a Clean Room?

Clean room is a term that applies primarily in the electronics industry. A clean room has equipment and procedures for entry that prevent the entry of dust and other contaminants into the environment. There are generally very strict standards in place to prevent ESD, as well.

A clean room is generally not completely clean of contaminants. They are reduced enough, however, to allow for the safe opening up of hard drives and other sensitive tasks that may cause equipment to fail or otherwise be ruined in a less controlled environment.

 

How Can you make an Office or a Warehouse more Secure? Which Products Should You Buy and Install?

Where security is concerned, products that help to control access and that provide monitoring of spaces both function to increase security. Credentials, such as readily visible badges, can also provide a level of control and security by making people authorized to be in a given area readily identifiable.

Protection against threats can be increased by adding resources such as fire extinguishers, floor mats that prevent falls and other products that make an environment generally safer for the people who need to be in it.

For security purposes, CCTV cameras are tried and true equipment that can give intelligence on areas of an office that might not be monitored physically at all times. They can also provide security by alerting people to fires or other potential disasters that may be starting in areas of a warehouse or office that are not occupied all or at least most of the time. The also allow for access control by permitting someone inside an office or warehouse to see who is outside without opening the door, which can prevent invasion type crimes.

 

What Is CCTV and Security Surveillance? How Do These Products Work and what Are they Used For?

CCTV stands for closed circuit television. The term essentially denotes that a television signal is being broadcast across a limited—closed—circuit rather than being broadcasted generally.

CCTV is one of the most common types of surveillance equipment in the world. It provides visual intelligence about areas that the viewer may be physically very distant from. CCTV equipment is often designed to that it can provide a good view in the dark, such as by the addition of IR sensors. Some of it also includes two-way or one-way audio, which allows someone at a door to communicate with someone inside and vice versa, or which allows someone inside a controlled area to give direction to someone outside a door, in the latter case.

CCTV is used in everything from the highest security applications—military installations, prisons, etc.—to monitoring private yards. It is very common in warehouses as it permits a view of the entire premises. This can be used for security reasons or simply to check on whether there are any issues with stacks of goods stored in remote areas of the warehouse.

The information gathered by CCTV cameras can be recorded and used as evidence in criminal cases, if necessary, and can also be used for more mundane purposes, such as for evidence in insurance claims.

 

What Are ESD Control and Clean Room products?

ESD control and clean room products are designed to be used in applications where electronic components may be at risk of contamination by dust or microbes. The category also includes those products that are designed to protect against electrostatic discharge.

Where ESD is concerned, grounding cords, monitors, wrist straps, testing meters and clothing are all among the equipment available. These items provide a way to ground out a worker or a workspace so that static discharges do not damage IC equipment. Testing equipment can be used to assess the overall conditions and whether ESD is likely to be a problem.

Clothing designed for these environments prevents the buildup of static electricity on workers and on surfaces. Bags can be used that are designed to repel static electricity, as well, which are commonly seen when ordering new computer parts. Overalls, shirts, tools and other items are available for workers to ensure that they don’t inadvertently present a threat of ESD when working on sensitive equipment.

 

What Are Fall Arrest Harnesses, Kits and Equipment? How Does it Work and what Is it Used For?

Fall arrest equipment can save lives. It prevents some of the most deadly and, unfortunately, common types of industrial accidents.

This equipment includes harnesses that are designed to be worn by workers and that can easily support—safely—the body weight of an adult. It also includes mechanical devices that are attached to workers in dangerous situations that slow or outright stop a person from falling should they lose their purchase while working. Some of this equipment looks very similar to mountaineering equipment, including carabineers, spring clips, ropes and straps and so forth. It’s generally mandated by law in situations where workers are at risk of falling.

 

What Are Fire Alarms, Systems, Accessories and Testers? How Do they work? What Are they Used for?

Fire alarms are the first line of defense against losing lives to fires in the workplace and at home. They include manually and automatically activated devices that sound a loud alarm when activated by a human being or when activated by the presence of high temperatures or smoke that is picked up by a detector.

Fire alarm systems are mandated in most industrial settings, apartment complexes and in many homes as a condition of homeowners insurance. They are tested using purpose-built devices that electronically verify that the sensors in the devices are working. Manual systems can be tested by activating them using a switch and problems can be troubleshot using testing kits.

Fire alarms are designed to alert human beings in the event of a fire. They do not actually do anything to contain or extinguish the fire, however.

 

What Are Fire Extinguishers, Equipment and Supplies? How Do they Function? What Are they Used for?

Fire extinguishers are devices that dispense a chemical, gas or other type of agent that suppresses or extinguishes flames. They are classified as being appropriate for certain types of fires, which is determined by the extinguishing material inside of them. For grease fires, for instance, the same fire extinguisher that would be used effectively on those fires might not work on an electrical fire. Some fire extinguishers use CO2 under pressure, which starves fire of oxygen and causes it to die out. Others use solids that are expelled from the fire extinguisher under pressure; a common solution for household fire extinguishers. Specialized models are used for metal fires and other potentially dangerous types of blazes.

Fire extinguisher related products include mounting brackets and signs that alert people to the presence of a device.

 

What Are First Aid and Emergency Equipment, Kits and Supplies? What Are they Used for and What Is in Them?

First Aid kits and emergency kits are designed to provide the basic equipment required to render first-line assistance in the event of some sort of a medical crisis. They include items as mundane as adhesive bandages and as specialized as eye washes and burn creams. They are required in most workplaces.

In some workplaces, these may be very specialized. Chemical factories, for instance, may well have showers in them to allow a worker to be decontaminated in the event of exposure. Faculties that have infectious materials may have needed mediations on hand for emergencies, but most first aid kits have much more basic materials. Biohazard safe disposal devices are usually included, as well, to accommodate used bandages and so forth.

 

What Are Floor Mats, Markings and Accessories? What Are They Used For? What Purpose Do They Serve?

Floor mats provide traction for workers and visitors, significantly reducing the risk of either having a bad fall. Markings provide a visual alert to a dangerous situation, such as a wet floor. In some cases, the mats may be specialized. For instance, some mats are designed to prevent shock and ESD. Others may be intended to be used in areas where employees stand for long periods of time, reducing strain on them.

 

What Are Keys, Safes, Locks and Lockouts? How Do They Function? What Are They Used For?

Keys and locks are a type of access control mechanism. The lock secures a barrier and the key allows the removal of the security device, usually a bolt. Safes are containers that are provided with a sturdy locking mechanism and that are designed to prevent theft and damage to what’s stored inside them. Lockouts prevent machinery and other equipment from being turned on or off by locking the controls. The person locking out the device typically tags it and is the only one who has the key for the lock.

 

What Is Considered Personal Protection?’

Personal protection protects an individual rather than the environment. An easy example is welding gloves and a fire extinguisher. The gloves protect the person welding, the fire extinguisher provides a means of protecting the rest of the environment from accidental fires that might result from welding.

 

Welding

Welding requires that welders wear gloves, glasses or helmets with specialized shields and usually heavy clothing. This protects against heat, electricity, sparks and the intense light generated when welding.

 

Equipment

Personal protection equipment provides insulation against the environment and specific threats within it. Ear plugs, for instance, defend against hearing loss in noisy environments. Hard hats protect against head injuries. In some work environments, specialized personal protection equipment is mandated by law.

 

What Is Considered Personal Protection Clothing and Footwear?

Personal protection clothing includes kneepads, gloves, aprons and other clothing that is designed to protect against specific threats. The most common example is steel toed boots, which prevent crush injuries to the feet. Goggles and shields provide eye protection, disposable gloves are ideal for biohazard exposures and so forth.

 

What Are Safety and Security Signs?

Signage is a vital part of security and safety. Safety signs warn of a hazard—loud noise, fire danger, wet floor, etc. Security signs warn visitors of areas that are restricted. An Employees Only signs, for instance, is a simple way to control access at a facility.

 

What Are Security Alarms and Detectors?

Security alarms sound an alert when an off-limits area is entered. They may detect entry by something as simple as detecting that a door has been opened. More sophisticated examples might detect movement in a room rather than the door being opened.

 

What Are Security Identification Badges? What Are they Used for? How Do they work?

Security identification badges can be temporary or permanent and can contain different types of identifying information, such as pictures, names, etc. They provide a fast, easy way to visually identify a person and whether or not they’re allowed to be in a given area. They are simple to make and quite effective if employed consistently.

 

What Is Spill Clean Up?

Spill cleanup materials are designed to help remove contaminants from floors and surfaces. Many of these materials come in kits with absorbent sheets or materials that are designed to pick up specific types of spills, such as oil or chemicals. In cases where the material being picked up is dangerous—biohazard, petroleum, etc.—proper disposal has to be performed, for which there is equipment available, as well.

While spill cleanup is being performed, signage is typically put up alerting people to the danger.