BJT & Bipolar Transistors

A Bipolar Transistor or BJT (Bipolar Junction Transistor) is a solid state, three-pin device made from three layers of silicon. A BJT is designed to amplify current, bipolar transistors can also function as a switch. There are two main types of transistor, PNP (positive negative positive) or NPN (negative positive negative).
How a Bipolar transistor is made
A bipolar transistor is made by joining two signal diodes back to back creating two PN junctions connected in series, sharing a common P or N terminal. By nature, silicon does not normally conduct electricity well. However, when silicon is treated with certain chemicals or impurities we can make the material and electrons behave in a different way. This process is called doping. The doping process improves the semiconductors ability to conduct electricity.
What does a bipolar transistor do?
As we said before a bipolar transistor has two possible functions, switching, and amplification. Due to the devices three layers of doped semiconductor material, supplying the transistor with a signal voltage enables the discrete component to act as an insulator or a conductor. This clever change provides the transistors with two basic functions, switching (digital) electronics or amplification (analog) electronics.
Types of transistor
Transistors are available in panel, surface and through hole mounting options in plastic package or metal can versions. All have three terminals or pins, the Base, the Collector, and the Emitter.
Where are bipolar transistors used?
Transistors are one of the most widely used discrete components in electronic designs and circuits. Transistors are used for the amplification of all types of electrical signals in circuits made up of individual components rather than ICs (integrated circuits).

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Description Price Transistor Type Maximum DC Collector Current Maximum Collector Emitter Voltage Package Type Mounting Type Maximum Power Dissipation Minimum DC Current Gain Transistor Configuration Maximum Collector Base Voltage Maximum Emitter Base Voltage Maximum Operating Frequency Pin Count Number of Elements per Chip Automotive Standard
RS Stock No. 756-3909
Mfr. Part No.TTC5200(Q)
BrandToshiba
$3.27
Each
units
NPN 15 A 230 V TO-3PL Through Hole 150 W 35 Single 230 V 5 V 30 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 896-2656
Mfr. Part No.TTC5200(Q)
BrandToshiba
$4.525
Each (In a Pack of 2)
units
NPN 15 A 230 V 2-21F1A Through Hole 150 W 35 Single 230 V 5 V 30 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 842-8015
Mfr. Part No.2N3904BU
$0.074
Each (In a Bag of 1000)
units
NPN 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 100 Single 60 V 6 V 100 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 805-1043
Mfr. Part No.2N3904TAR
$0.111
Each (In a Pack of 200)
units
NPN 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 30 Single 60 V 6 V 300 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 124-1317
Mfr. Part No.2N3904TA
$0.044
Each (On a Reel of 2000)
units
NPN 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 30 Single 60 V 6 V 300 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 739-0442
Mfr. Part No.2N3904TA
$0.309
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
NPN 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 30 Single 60 V 6 V 300 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 805-1056
Mfr. Part No.2N3904TFR
$0.14
Each (In a Pack of 200)
units
NPN 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 30 Single 60 V 6 V 300 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 843-1575
Mfr. Part No.2N3904BU
$0.111
Each (In a Pack of 50)
units
NPN 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 100 Single 60 V 6 V 100 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 805-1047
Mfr. Part No.2N3904TF
$0.092
Each (In a Pack of 200)
units
NPN 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 30 Single 60 V 6 V 300 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 545-2210
Mfr. Part No.2N3055G
$6.90
Each
units
NPN 15 A 60 V TO-204 Through Hole 115 W 5 Single 100 V 7 V 2.5 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 103-2964
Mfr. Part No.2N3055G
$2.47
Each (In a Tray of 100)
units
NPN 15 A 60 V TO-204 Through Hole 115 W 5 Single 100 V 7 V 2.5 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 169-8696
Mfr. Part No.2N3906TAR
$0.042
Each (On a Reel of 2000)
units
PNP 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 60 Single -40 V -5 V 250 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 805-1062
Mfr. Part No.2N3906TF
$0.15
Each (In a Pack of 200)
units
PNP 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 60 Single -40 V -5 V 250 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 805-1059
Mfr. Part No.2N3906TA
$0.117
Each (In a Pack of 200)
units
PNP 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 60 Single -40 V -5 V 250 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 626-2759
Mfr. Part No.BFQ67W,115
BrandNXP
$0.215
Each (In a Pack of 10)
units
NPN 50 mA 10 V UMT Surface Mount 300 mW 60 Single 20 V 2.5 V 8000 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 805-1053
Mfr. Part No.2N3906TAR
$0.083
Each (In a Pack of 200)
units
PNP 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 60 Single -40 V -5 V 250 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 166-0542
Mfr. Part No.BFQ67W,115
BrandNXP
$0.334
Each (On a Reel of 3000)
units
NPN 50 mA 10 V UMT Surface Mount 300 mW 60 Single 20 V 2.5 V 8000 MHz 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 124-1314
Mfr. Part No.2N3906BU
$0.052
Each (In a Bag of 1000)
units
PNP 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 30 Single -40 V -5 V - 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 772-5034
Mfr. Part No.2SC4550-AZ
$1.754
Each (In a Pack of 5)
units
NPN 7 A 60 V MP-45F Through Hole 30 W 100 Single 100 V 7 V - 3 1 -
RS Stock No. 805-1065
Mfr. Part No.2N3906TFR
$0.096
Each (In a Pack of 200)
units
PNP 200 mA 40 V TO-92 Through Hole 625 mW 60 Single -40 V -5 V 250 MHz 3 1 -
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