Photoelectric Sensors

Photoelectric sensors detect and measure physical objects or quantities by emitting a field or beam of electromagnetic radiation, an object is detected by measuring alterations in the return signal. There are 3 main types of photoelectric sensors which provide reliable detection, these are through-beam, retro-reflective and diffuse. The basic function of each is to detect the presence or absence of objects or measure the distance to the object.


Through-beam Sensors


Through-beam sensors (aka thru-beam) rely on two separate housings, one for the transmitter and one for the receiver, with the transmitter providing a continuous beam of light to the receiver. Each time an object passes through the beam this interrupts the signal between the transmitter and receiver, which in turn causes the receiver to send an electrical signal to the output. Through-beam sensors are suited to long-distance sensing and are capable of detecting almost any object, irrespective of colour or angular motion.


Retro-reflective Sensors


Retro-reflective photoelectric sensors (retroreflective) have both the transmitter and receiver contained within the same housing but require a reflector opposite to the sensor. The reflector bounces the light beam back to the transmitter until an object breaks the beam. Objects which are highly reflective such as aluminium require sensors with polarising filters. The filter allows the sensor to acknowledge that the reflected light from reflecting materials is different from the reflector.


Diffuse Sensors


Diffuse sensors (proximity sensor) are easier to install as only one device has to be mounted. This is because the transmitter and receiver are contained within one housing. Diffuse sensors use the reflection from the target object within a predetermined sensing range. The transmitter sends out a continuous beam of light, once this hits the target it is diffused in all directions, a part of this light is reflected back and recognised by the receiver, the receiver then sends an electrical signal to the output.


A special type of diffused mode is background suppression which enables the user to precisely control the sensing range. A diffuse mode sensor with background suppression is less sensitive to the target colour. They can also use a visible red light or infrared light sources.


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Description Price Sensor Style Detection Type Detection Range Output Type Electrical Connection Maximum AC Voltage Maximum DC Voltage Terminal Type Light Source IP Rating Maximum Current Interface Response Time Housing Material
RS Stock No. 812-8257
Mfr. Part No.FD-42G
BrandPanasonic
$92.46
Each
units
Barrel Diffuse 200 mm - Cable - - Wire Lead - IP40 - - - -
RS Stock No. 431-2010
Mfr. Part No.EQ34PN
BrandPanasonic
$236.58
Each
units
Block Retroreflective 0.1 → 2 m PNP 3-Wire Cable 2m - 30V - Infrared IP67 100 mA - <=2 ms PET, Polyalylate
RS Stock No. 480-5017
Mfr. Part No.CX411P
BrandPanasonic
$116.09
Each
units
Block Through Beam (Emitter and Receiver) 10 m PNP 2m Cable - 24V - LED IP67 100 mA - <=1 ms PBT
RS Stock No. 361-5554
Mfr. Part No.EX-14A-PN
BrandPanasonic
$213.06
Each
units
Block Retroreflective 2 → 25 mm PNP 3-Wire Cable 2m - 24V - LED IP67 50 mA - <=0.5 ms PET
RS Stock No. 901-2771
Mfr. Part No.CX-412-P-Z
BrandPanasonic
$129.30
Each
units
Block Through Beam (Emitter and Receiver) Maximum of 15 m PNP 4-Pin M8 Connector - 24V - Infrared IP67 - - 1 ms PBT
RS Stock No. 361-5526
Mfr. Part No.EX-13B-PN
BrandPanasonic
$160.63
Each
units
Block Through Beam (Emitter and Receiver) 500 mm PNP 3-Wire Cable 2m - 24V - LED IP67 50 mA - <=0.5 ms PET
RS Stock No. 361-5560
Mfr. Part No.EX-14B-PN
BrandPanasonic
$193.14
Each
units
Block Retroreflective 2 → 25 mm PNP Cable - 24V - LED IP67 50 mA - <=0.5 ms PET
RS Stock No. 361-5510
Mfr. Part No.EX-13A-PN
BrandPanasonic
$126.95
Each
units
Block Through Beam (Emitter and Receiver) 500 mm PNP 3-Wire Cable 2m - 24V - LED IP67 50 mA - <=0.5 ms PET
RS Stock No. 808-9121
Mfr. Part No.CX-411
BrandPanasonic
$116.09
Each
units
Block Through Beam (Emitter and Receiver) 10 m NPN 3-Wire Cable 2m - 24V - LED IP67 100 mA - 1 ms PBT
RS Stock No. 480-4991
Mfr. Part No.CX421P
BrandPanasonic
$106.26
Each
units
Block Diffuse 300 mm PNP 2m Cable - 24V - Infrared IP67 100 mA - <=1 ms PBT
RS Stock No. 812-8213
Mfr. Part No.CY-192A-P-Z-Y
BrandPanasonic
$54.26
Each
units
Barrel Retroreflective 4 m PNP M12 Connector - 24V - Infrared IP67 35 mA - 1 ms PBT
RS Stock No. 125-4543
Mfr. Part No.PM-L45
BrandPanasonic
$19.46
Each
units
Fork Through Beam (Fork) 6 mm NPN 1m Cable - 24V Cable Infrared IP64 50 (Sink Current) mA - 20 (Received) μs, 80 (Interrupted) μs PBT (Enclosure), Polycarbonate (Display Section)
RS Stock No. 812-8395
Mfr. Part No.PM2-LH10-C1
BrandPanasonic
$89.08
Each
units
Block Diffuse 2.5 → 8 mm NPN Cable - 24V Wire Lead LED - 80 mA - 0.8 ms PC
RS Stock No. 125-4565
Mfr. Part No.PM-L65
BrandPanasonic
$18.12
Each
units
Fork Through Beam (Fork) 6 mm NPN 4-Pin Connector - 24V 4-Pin Connector Infrared IP40 50 (Sink Current) mA - 20 (Received) μs, 80 (Interrupted) μs PBT (Enclosure), Polycarbonate (Display Section)
RS Stock No. 480-5001
Mfr. Part No.CX411PZ
BrandPanasonic
$129.30
Each
units
Block Through Beam (Emitter and Receiver) 10 m PNP M8 Connector - 24V - LED IP67 100 mA - <=1 ms PBT
RS Stock No. 361-5548
Mfr. Part No.EX-13EB-PN
BrandPanasonic
$126.95
Each
units
Block Through Beam (Emitter and Receiver) 500 mm PNP Cable - 24V - LED IP67 50 mA - <=0.5 ms PET
RS Stock No. 125-4537
Mfr. Part No.PM-K45-P
BrandPanasonic
$26.86
Each
units
Fork Through Beam (Fork) 6 mm PNP 1m Cable - 24V Cable Infrared IP64 50 (Source Current) mA - 20 (Received) μs, 80 (Interrupted) μs PBT (Enclosure), Polycarbonate (Display Section)
RS Stock No. 609-9056
Mfr. Part No.EQ511
BrandPanasonic
$216.19
Each
units
Block Diffuse 0.1 → 2.5 m PNP Terminal Block - 24V Screw Infrared IP67 100 mA - 2 ms ABS
RS Stock No. 431-1764
Mfr. Part No.NX5M30A
BrandPanasonic
$169.80
Each
units
Block Through Beam (Emitter and Receiver) 30 m Relay 3-Wire Cable 2m 250V 30V - Infrared IP66 - - <=10 ms PC
RS Stock No. 877-7389
Mfr. Part No.HG-C1030-P
BrandPanasonic
$681.25
Each
units
Block Background Suppression 30 mm PNP 5-Wire Cable 2m - 24V - Laser Light IP67 - - 1.5 (High Speed) ms, 5 (Standard) ms, 10 (High Precision) ms Acrylic (Front cover), Aluminum Die Cast